Grows to a height of approx. 10' at maturity; prefers rich, well drained soils in sunny to partially shaded areas. The fruit is a light brown acorn-like nut, higher in nutritional value than other acorns and beechnuts, and liked by wildlife. It also has catkins similar to tag alder that is a good food source for wildlife. The shrub flowers in March-May and fruit is produced in July-September.